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30-Apr2019

Pre-monsoon rainfall from March to April records 27% deficiency: IMD

Raising concerns over rainfall in India, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) stated that pre-monsoon rainfall from March to April has recorded 27% deficiency. IMD said it is a phenomenon critical to agriculture in some parts of the country. The IMD recorded 43.3 millimetres of rainfall across the country from March 1 to April 24 as against the normal precipitation of 59.6 millimetres. This was 27% less of the Long Period Average (LPA). The highest deficiency of 38% was recorded in the northwest India division of the IMD, which comprises states of Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh.

IMD said this was followed by the Southern peninsula division comprising all five states of the South India and the Union Territory of Puducherry, Goa and coastal Maharashtra, where the deficiency recorded was 31%. East and northeast India division recorded 23% deficiency. The Central India division is the only one to have recorded more 5% rainfall than the normal. Pre-monsoon showers, thunderstorms and lightening have killed more than 50 people in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan this month.

Several parts of India receive pre-monsoon rainfall which is critical for those regions. The phenomenon, which is usually from March to May end, is vital as it helps in bringing the temperatures down. One of the reasons for a pre-monsoon rainfall is excessive heating from March to June which several parts of the country witness. Additional Director General of the IMD said the moisture from the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal aids in creation of thunderstorms.


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